PERILAKU MAHASISWA PRODI PROFESI NERS TERHADAP VAKSINASI HEPATITIS B

Penulis

  • Huriatul Masdar Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5671-9143
  • Sitti Zuhairah Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau
  • Rahmat Azhari Kemal Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau
  • Fajri Marindra Siregar Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau
  • Dedi Afandi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Kata Kunci:

attitude, hepatitis B, nursing student, vaccination, knowledge, practice

Abstrak

Hepatitis B merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan di dunia. Tenaga kesehatan berisiko tinggi
terinfeksi hepatits B, termasuk perawat dan mahasiswa keperawatan. Salah satu upaya pencegahannya adalah
melakukan vaksinasi. Namun, di Indonesia belum ada kebijakan yang mewajibkan tenaga kesehatan untuk
vaksinasi hepatitis B, termasuk mahasiswa keperawatan. Terlaksananya vaksinasi mandiri mahasiswa
keperawatan sangat ditentukan oleh perilaku mahasiswa tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk
menggambarkan pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan mahasiswa Prodi Profesi Ners terhadap vaksinasi hepatitis
B. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik dengan desain cross sectional. Responden penelitian berasal
dari mahasiswa Profesi di salah satu universitas di Pekanbaru, Riau. Sebanyak 83 responden dipilih secara
acak dengan teknik simple random sampling. Setiap responden diminta untuk mengisi kuesioner terkait
pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan mereka terhadap vaksinasi hepatitis B. Data dianalisis secara statistik
dengan menggunakan uji Kolmogorov-Smirnov dengan derajat kepercayaan 95%. Hasil penelitian
menunjukkan sebanyak 53% responden berpengetahuan baik, 63,9% memiliki sikap positif terhadap
vaksinasi hepatitis B dan 51,8% responden sudah memperoleh vaksinasi hepatitis B. Hasil analisis secara
statistik menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan bermakna antara pengetahun dan sikap (p=1,000) dan
pengetahuan dengan tindakan (p=1,000) terhadap vaksinasi hepatitis B. Berdasarkan data di atas dapat
disimpulkan bahwa lebih dari sebagaian mahasiswa Prodi Profesi Ners memiliki pengetahuan yang baik,
sikap yang positif terhadap vaksinasi hepatitis B serta sudah pernah mendapatkan vaksinasi hepatitis B,
namun tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara pengetahuan dengan sikap serta pengetahuan dengan
tindakan mahasiswa tersebut terhadap vaksinasi hepatitis B

Referensi

Abdnur Abdela, Woldu, B., Haile, K., Mathewos, B., & Deressa, T. (2016). Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices toward prevention of hepatitis B virus infection among students of medicine and health sciences in Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Research Notes, 9(410). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4992214/

Abiola, A. H. O., Agunbiade, A. B., Badmos, K. B., Lesi, A. O., Lawal, A. O., & Alli, Q. O. (2016). Prevalence of HBsAg, knowledge, and vaccination practice against viral hepatitis b infection among doctors and nurses in a secondary health care facility in Lagos state, south-western Nigeria. Pan African Medical Journal, 23, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2016.23.160.8710

Adekanle, O., Ndububa, D. A., Olowookere, S. A., Ijarotimi, O., & Ijadunola, K. T. (2015). Knowledge of Hepatitis B Virus Infection, Immunization with Hepatitis B Vaccine, Risk Perception, and Challenges to control hepatitis among hospital workers in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital. Hepatitis Research and Treatment, 2015, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/439867

Al Qadire, M., Ballad, C. A. C., Al Omari, O., Aldiabat, K. M., Shindi, Y. A., & Khalaf, A. (2021). Prevalence, student nurses knowledge and practices of needle stick injuries during clinical training: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Nursing, 20(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-021-00711-2

Aniaku, J. K., Amedonu, E. K., & Fusheini, A. (2019). Assessment of knowledge, attitude and vaccination status of hepatitis B among nursing training students in ho, ghana. Annals of Global Health, 85(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.750

Aroke, D., Kadia, B. M., Anutebeh, E. N., Belanquale, C. A., Misori, G. M., Awa, A., Mbanga, C. M., & Ngek, L. T. (2018). Awareness and vaccine coverage of hepatitis B among Cameroonian medical students. BioMed Research International, 6. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3673289

Batra, V., Goswami, A., Dadhich, S., Kothari, D., & Bhargava, N. (2015). Hepatitis B immunization in healthcare workers. Annals of Gastroenterology, 28(2), 276–280.

Botchway, E. T., Agyare, E., Seyram, L., Owusu, K. K., Mutocheluh, M., & Obiri-Yeboah, D. (2020). Prevalence and attitude towards hepatitis b vaccination among healthcare workers in a tertiary hospital in Ghana. Pan African Medical Journal, 36(244), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2020.36.244.24085

Bouya, S., Balouchi, A., Rafiemanesh, H., Amirshahi, M., Dastres, M., Moghadam, M. P., Behnamfar, N., Shyeback, M., Badakhsh, M., Allahyari, J., Mawali, A. Al, Ebadi, A., Dezhkam, A., & Daley, K. A. (2020). Global prevalence and device related causes of needle stick injuries among health care workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Global Health, 86(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2698

Dinas Kesehatan. (2019). Profil Dinas Kesehatan Kota Pekanbaru. Dinkes Pekanbaru.

Ha, N. B., Trinh, H. N., Nguyen, T. T., Leduc, T.-S., Bui, C., Ha, N. B., Wong, C. R., Tran, A. T., & Nguyen, M. H. (2013). Prevalence, risk factors, and disease knowledge of chronic hepatitis B infection in Vietnamese Americans in California. Journal of Cancer Education : The Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education 28(2), 319–324. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s13187-013-0466-0

Hang, T. T., Id, P., Le, T. X., Nguyen, D. T., Luu, C. M., Truong, B. D., Tran, D., Toy, M., Bozkurt, S., & So, S. (2019). Knowledge, attitudes and medical practice regarding hepatitis B prevention and management among healthcare workers in Northern Vietnam. 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223733

Ibitoye, S. E. (2016). Knowledge, attitude, practices, risk perception and utilization of hepatitis B vaccination among health workers in secondary health care in Ibadan. African Digital Health Library (ADHL). http://www.ojshostng.com/index.php/ajmms/article/view/451

Irwan. (2017). Etika dan perilaku kesehatan. Absolute Media.

Ismara, K. I. (2020). Perilaku mencegah cedera tertusuk dan tersayat (CTS). UNY Press.

Kemenkes RI. (2019). Riset Kesehatan Dasar Provinsi Riau 2018. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan.

Lusida, M. I., & Yano, Y. (2016). Current hepatitis B virus infection situation in Indonesia and its genetic diversity. 22(32), 7264–7274. https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v22.i32.7264

Maina, A. N., & Bii, L. C. (2020). Factors affecting HBV vaccination in a medical training college in Kenya: a mixed methods Study. BMC Public Health, 20(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8158-2

Mariam Abdal, Khayrat Al-Mousa, J. B. (2013). Knowledge, attitude, and practice of HBV vaccination among dentists in primary health care, dental centers and Kuwait university dental clinics. 703, 1–45.

Motaarefi, H., Mahmoudi, H., Mohammadi, E., & Hasanpour-Dehkordi, A. (2016). Factors associated with needlestick injuries in health care occupations: a systematic review. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 10(8), IE01–IE04. https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2016/17973.8221

Nguyen, T. T. L., Pham, T. T. H., So, S., Van Hoang, T. H., Nguyen, T. T. U., Ngo, T. B., Nguyen, M. P., Thai, Q. H., Nguyen, N. K., Le Ho, T. Q. A., Tran, Q. P., & Pham, M. K. (2021). Knowledge, attitudes and practices toward hepatitis b virus infection among students of medicine in Vietnam. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(13), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137081

Notoatmodjo. (2012). Promosi kesehatan dan perilaku kesehatan. Rineka cipta.

Nsubuga, F. M., & Jaakkola, M. S. (2005). Needle stick injuries among nurses in sub-Saharan Africa. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 10(8), 773–781. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01453.x

Olivier, H., Tatsilong, P., Noubiap, J. J. N., Nansseu, J. R. N., Aminde, L. N., Bigna, J. J. R., Ndze, V. N., & Moyou, R. S. (2016). Hepatitis B infection awareness , vaccine perceptions and uptake , and serological profile of a group of health care workers in. BMC Public Health, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3388-z

Prüss-Ustün, A., Rapiti, E., & Hutin, Y. (2005). Estimation of the global burden of disease attributable to contaminated sharps injuries among health-care workers. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 48(6), 482–490. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.20230

Rathi, A., Kumar, V., Majhi, J., Jain, S., Lal, P., & Singh, S. (2018). Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practices toward prevention of hepatitis B infection among medical students in a high-risk setting of a newly established medical institution. Journal of Laboratory Physicians, 10(04), 374–379. https://doi.org/10.4103/jlp.jlp_93_18

Reang, A., Chakraborty, T., Sarker, M., & Tripura, A. (2015). A study of knowledge and practice regarding Hepatitis B among nursing students attending tertiary care hospitals in Agartala city. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 3(7), 1641–1649.

Shrestha, D. B., Khadka, M., Khadka, M., Subedi, P., Pokharel, S., & Thapa, B. B. (2020). Hepatitis B vaccination status and knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding Hepatitis B among preclinical medical students of a medical college in Nepal. PLoS ONE, 15(11 November), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0242658

WHO. (2021). Hepatitis B fact sheet World health organisation. July.

You, C. R., Lee, S. W., Jang, J. W., & Yoon, S. K. (2014). Update on hepatitis B virus infection. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 20(37), 13293–13305. https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v20.i37.13293

Yuan, Q., Wang, F., Zheng, H., Zhang, G., Miao, N., Sun, X., Woodring, J., Chan, P., & Id, F. C. (2019). Hepatitis B vaccination coverage among health care workers in China. Plos One, 1–12.

Unduhan

Diterbitkan

2022-10-12

Cara Mengutip

Masdar, H., Zuhairah, S., Kemal, R. A., Siregar, F. M., & Afandi, D. (2022). PERILAKU MAHASISWA PRODI PROFESI NERS TERHADAP VAKSINASI HEPATITIS B. Jurnal Ners Indonesia, 13(1). Diambil dari https://jni.ejournal.unri.ac.id/index.php/JNI/article/view/8321

Terbitan

Bagian

Articles